Lignosulphonate Applications – Fuel

  • Alkaline fragmented/purified lignosulphonate mixed with diesel using

surfactants/emulsifiers.

  • Hydroliquefaction comprising successive hydroconversion

stages under high H pressure.

  • Hydroconversion occurrs with supported catalyst and a

suspension of lignosulphonate and a H donor solvent.

  • Polymetallic catalysts supported on at least slightly basic

materials and hydrogen convert lignosulphonate to hydrocarbons.

  • Catalytic conversion of lignosulphonate to green gasoline/diesel by a

combination of pyrolysis, thermal cracking, hydrocracking,

catalytic cracking, or hydrotreatment.

  • Lignosulphonate catalytic hydrogen reduction of carbon‐oxygen bonds

and the catalytic disproportionation of carbon‐oxygen or

carbon‐carbon bonds. The catalysts may be formed from a

metal precursor such as ruthenium or vanadium and a

bidentate ligand.

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